Download PDF by John H. Zammito: A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-positivism in the

By John H. Zammito

ISBN-10: 0226978621

ISBN-13: 9780226978628

Since the Fifties, many philosophers of technological know-how have attacked positivism—the concept that clinical wisdom is grounded in aim truth. Reconstructing the background of those reviews, John H. Zammito argues that whereas so-called postpositivist theories of technology are quite often invoked, they really supply little aid for trendy postmodern techniques to technology studies.

Zammito exhibits how difficulties that Quine and Kuhn observed within the philosophy of the ordinary sciences encouraged a flip to the philosophy of language for solution. This linguistic flip resulted in claims that technological know-how has to be positioned in either historic and social contexts, however the claims of contemporary "science reviews" in simple terms deepened the philosophical drawback. In essence, Zammito argues that not one of the issues of positivism offers the slightest justification for denigrating empirical inquiry and medical perform, providing fairly a blow to the "discipline" postmodern technology studies.

Filling a spot in scholarship up to now, A great Derangement of Epistemes will entice historians, philosophers, philosophers of technology, and the wider clinical community.

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Extra info for A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-positivism in the Study of Science from Quine to Latour

Sample text

279 And he cannot. 280 The entire weight of empirical evidence, Quine notwithstanding, bars that path. 281 Quine suggests that first-language learning begins with ostensions. That is plausible. What is not plausible is his view of how the rest of language can be acquired. In From Stimulus to Science, Quine ventures son1e ideas about the sequence of analytic hypotheses through which a natural language might have been phyloge- 49 50 CHAPTER TWO netically and ontogenetically acquired, offering both lucid characterizations of the structures required and candid admissions that he has no idea how they might have been put in place either for the species or for the child learning its first language.

Communication is well named. "276 "I hold ... that the behaviorist approach is mandatory. In psychology one mayor may not be a behaviorist, but in linguistics one has no choice.... Our mental life between checkpoints is indifferent to our rating THE PERILS OF SEMANTIC ASCENT as a master of the language. "277 It is commonplace in the secondary literature to insist that Quine not be lumped with the now quite discredited views of behaviorism as a general theory of psychology or human action. There are grounds, I would counter, to question such an exemption for Quine.

217 As Dagfin Follesdal argued early on, the verificationism was the weak link in this argument. The problem, as we have seen, is that inscrutability of reference wreaks havoc on the compatibility of verificationism and holism, especially in terms of all-out linguistic holism. 218 Neither the argument from above nor the argument from below yields indeterminacy of translation. The motive force for Quine is an ontological conviction against mental states. The question we are left with, as Mirian1 Solomon has urged, is whether there is any argument uniquely upholding the indeterminacy of translation.

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A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-positivism in the Study of Science from Quine to Latour by John H. Zammito

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