A Roadmap for Cognitive Development in Humanoid Robots by David Vernon PDF

By David Vernon

ISBN-10: 3642169031

ISBN-13: 9783642169038

ISBN-10: 364216904X

ISBN-13: 9783642169045

This ebook addresses the crucial function performed by means of improvement in cognition. the point of interest is on employing our wisdom of improvement in usual cognitive structures, particularly human babies, to the matter of constructing synthetic cognitive structures within the guise of humanoid robots. The process is based at the three-fold premise that (a) cognition is the method in which an self sufficient self-governing agent acts successfully on the planet during which it really is embedded, (b) the twin function of cognition is to extend the agent's repertoire of powerful activities and its strength to expect the necessity for destiny activities and their results, and (c) improvement performs an important function within the awareness of those cognitive services. Our target during this e-book is to spot the main layout ideas for cognitive improvement. We do that by way of bringing jointly insights from 4 components: enactive cognitive technology, developmental psychology, neurophysiology, and computational modelling. This ends up in roadmap comprising a collection of forty-three instructions for the layout of a cognitive structure and its deployment in a humanoid robotic. The publication encompasses a case learn according to the iCub, an open-systems humanoid robotic which has been designed in particular as a typical platform for study on embodied cognitive platforms.

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In lower vertebrates, action systems are relatively independent. A frog’s perceptionaction system for catching flies is distinct from its perception-action system for negotiating obstacles. In higher vertebrates, movements and perceptual capabilites are more versatile and are recruited or re-used by skills other than the ones in which they evolved. The same facility for re-use also applies to subsequent ontogeny. 2 Pre-structuring the Motor System Early in ontogenesis, movements are constrained to reduce the number of degrees of freedom and thereby simplify the control task.

For instance, a child who is only half the size of an adult will sway with a frequency which is 40 percent higher than that of the adult and will consequently have 40 percent less time in which to react to balance disturbances. In other words, when, by the end of the first year, infants start to be able to stand independently they have mastered a balance problem more difficult than at any time later in life. Barela, Jeka & Clark [23] made a very nice demonstration of the development of predictive control of standing posture.

1 Actions Movements are organized as actions. The infant initiates actions as a consequence of motives, either internally-generated or externally-triggered. 4 Summary 25 reactions: actions are goal-directed and are guided by prospection. The goal state is already represented when the action is planned. , the goal. Similarly, the activation of mirror neurons is specific to the goal of an action and not to the movements carried out to achieve the goal. Prospective control is based both on sensory-based immediate perception and knowledge-based cognition.

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A Roadmap for Cognitive Development in Humanoid Robots by David Vernon

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