By Graeme Smith
What does it suggest to name Western society 'secular'? what's secularism? and the way may still we comprehend the the idea that of 'secularism' in diplomacy, fairly the conflict among radical Islam and the West? The observe 'secular' has come to intend that which belongs to this lifestyles, to the right here and now, during this global. it truly is known as a shorthand for the ideology which shapes modern society irrespective of the divine. in spite of the fact that, based on Graeme Smith, 'secularism' represents greatly extra. He deals a thorough reappraisal of the suggestion of secularism and its historical past, starting with the Greeks and continuing to modernity and the modern interval. the belief that the West is changing into more and more secular is usually unquestioned. against this, Dr Smith discerns a special form of society: one trained by way of a ancient legacy which is sensible in basic terms while it really is liked that it's spiritual. Secularism used to be born of Christianity. Daringly - and intensely initially - Smith argues that it truly is most unlikely to appreciate the belief of the secular with no appreciating that, at root, it's Christian. a brief background of Secularism will essentially reshape discussions of western tradition, faith and politics, and may have robust attract scholars of faith, political philosophy and the background of principles.
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Additional info for A Short History of Secularism
The fear of derision probably encouraged Freud to be something of the arch-scientist. Freud believed that science could explain and, more impressively, allow humanity to control the natural order. He wrote: ‘We believe that it is possible for scientific work to gain some knowledge about the reality of the world, by means of which we can increase our power and in accordance with which we 02c Secularism_020-041:02 32 8/10/07 10:47 Page 32 A Short History of Secularism can arrange our life. ’10 The ‘you’ in this sentence refers to religious believers.
I have in this long introduction set out the narrative which will guide this study. This has been necessary because this is not a straightforward history with a beginning, middle and end. Rather, I am using history, as well as social analysis and cultural theory, to understand the nature of contemporary Western secularism. My aim is as much popular and polemical as it is analytical. The discussion of my four central ideas form the basis of this history of secularism. It might seem that by focussing so much on the Christian religion I am doing a disservice to secular ideology’s uniqueness and integrity.
Religious behaviour would need to be a form of mass hysteria or neurosis which endangered the social order. Freud himself did not claim this much. Religion is an illusion not a delusion. Religion may or may not be true, it is not proven, even though Freud the atheist did not himself believe. Furthermore, Freud’s speculation about the relationship between monotheism and an adult’s memory of the childhood image of the father is not based on the psychoanalysis of religious believers. Freud had not carried out the qualitative empirical work.
A Short History of Secularism by Graeme Smith