Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal - download pdf or read online

By James B. Freeman

ISBN-10: 0511082126

ISBN-13: 9780511082122

ISBN-10: 0521833019

ISBN-13: 9780521833011

While, if ever, is one justified in accepting the premises of an issue? what's the right criterion of premise acceptability? offering a entire idea of premise acceptability, this ebook solutions those questions from an epistemological method that the writer calls "common experience foundationalism". His paintings may be of curiosity to experts in casual common sense, serious pondering and argumentation concept in addition to to a broader diversity of philosophers and people instructing rhetoric.

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Sample text

But clearly, different persons will possess different sets of evidence, and so will be justified in making different assessments of presumption. Are we still faced with the problem of multiple presumptions? Whose presumption, presumption from whose perspective, shall we choose in defining acceptability? Or may anyone’s presumption be taken? Is a statement acceptable just in case it has the status of a presumption for someone? But how could a statement be acceptable for me when from my perspective a contrary has a higher plausibility?

We may characterize a challenger as a representative of the community of rational inquirers. Clearly this community is a community of model interlocutors. In seeking to extend current knowledge, the members are aware of the scope and limits of what is currently known, they have a disposition to question and challenge, are open to new evidence, and have a clear sense of when something is proven and when it is not. That is, a community of rational inquirers is knowledgeable, reflective, open, and dialectically astute.

These considerations suggest that we should relativize the concept of a presumption not only to a given juncture in a dialectical exchange, but also to the two participants in that exchange. If our rational adjudicator could also play the role of challenger, he could present his challenge. At that point, there would no longer be a presumption for the claim from his perspective. Given her role, whenever a challenger is aware of counterconsiderations, she is obligated to present them, thus undercutting the presumption for the proponent’s thesis at that point in the exchange.

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Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal Logic Problem by James B. Freeman

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