Actium 31 BC: Downfall of Antony and Cleopatra (Campaign, - download pdf or read online

By Si Sheppard

ISBN-10: 1846034051

ISBN-13: 9781846034053

Osprey's exam of the conflict of Actium, which was once the decisive disagreement of the ultimate conflict of the Roman Republic (32-30 BC). In 32 BC, the Roman Republic declared battle on Egypt and set in movement a series of occasions that will tear the Republic aside. In Rome, the forces of the western republic have been marshaled jointly below Octavian (the destiny Emperor Augustus) and Marcus Agrippa. within the east, armies have been amassed less than the management of the well-known fans, Marc Antony and Cleopatra.

On September 2, 31 BC, the forces of Octavian and Marcus Agrippa controlled to seize their enemies within the Gulf of Actium. even supposing Anthony and Cleopatra controlled to flee, their military and military, besides their hopes for victory have been beaten. a couple of months later, the fans could devote suicide. Their dying observed the top of the battle and the top of the Roman Republic. Now wielding superb strength, Octavian declared himself Emperor.

Actium has remained some of the most recognized battles of the traditional global due to its colourful solid of characters which have been reinvented through the writings of Shakespeare and the celebrities of the silver monitor. This new booklet tells the real tale of the decisive and bloody conflict that may as soon as and for all seal the destiny of the Roman Republic.

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Extra info for Actium 31 BC: Downfall of Antony and Cleopatra (Campaign, Volume 211)

Example text

Now Romans are a woman's slaves,' Horace lamented in Epode IX, denigrating Cleopatra while condemning Antony, 'and at the beck and call of wrinkled eunuchs'. He invoked the full panoply of the 'Gods of my country, native heroes, and you The Parthian army comprised swarms of mounted archers, men who had to be as skilled at retaining control of their horses as they were with the bow. This coin, issued by Titus Labienus, a renegade Roman in Parthian service, depicts a typical cavalry mount. Note the absence of stirrups and the prominent gorytus, a combination bow case and quiver, slung to allow easy access on the gallop.

CM. ) T O P RIGHT A gun crew working a ballista, from Trajan's Column in Rome. The weapon was powered by two horizontal crossbow-like arms, which were inserted into two vertical and tightly wound 'skein' springs composed of leather, sinew or hemp contained in a rectangular frame. The arms were drawn rearward to further twist the skeins and thus gain the torsion power to cast a projectile. 44 long and slender, expensive to build, and hard to manoeuvre, especially when it integrated the great technological innovation of 9th-century B C naval warfare, the ram.

Exhausted and depressed, he was subjected to the full panoply of Cleopatra's flattery, cajolery, and charm. Whether or not it was her intent to inculcate a psychosomatic attachment, from this time forward he would increasingly manifest a deep dependence on her sanction of his actions, craving her approval and reactively seeking solace in her physical presence during periods of intense stress. Antony's account of the campaign in his dispatches to Rome falsified the reality of his situation. Although his agents kept him well informed of the actual status of affairs in the east, Octavian was happy to play along.

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Actium 31 BC: Downfall of Antony and Cleopatra (Campaign, Volume 211) by Si Sheppard

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