By M.J. Cresswell
Adverbial amendment is perhaps one of many least understood parts of linguistics. The essays during this quantity all tackle the matter of ways to provide an research of adverbial modifiers inside of truth-conditional semantics. Chapters I-VI offer analyses of specific modifiers inside of a potential worlds framework, and have been written among 1974 and 1981. unique ebook info of those chapters will be chanced on on p. vi. of those, all yet bankruptcy I make crucial use of the concept the time reference interested in tensed sentences can be a time period instead of a unmarried immediate. the ultimate bankruptcy (Chapter VII) was once written in particular for this quantity and investigates the query of the way the 'situation semantics' lately devised through Jon Barwise and John Perry, as a rival to possible-worlds semantics, could care for adverbs. moreover i've got integrated an appendix to bankruptcy III and an advent which hyperlinks all of the chapters together.
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Additional resources for Adverbial Modification: Interval Semantics and Its Rivals
It is important to see that I am not raising the possibility of identifying an event with the proposition that it occurs. For it is certainly possible to have two different propositions each of which says that the same event 26 CHAPTER I occurs. Davidson in [16, p. ] provides such an example. The death of Scott is the same event as the death of the author of Waverley but the proposition that Scott died is not the same as the proposition that the author of Waverley died. In a world in which Scott did not write the Waverley novels Scott may have died without the author of Waverley dying.
Finally one might say (as Martin Tweedale and John Bigelow have both argued in unpublished papers) that objects of propositional attitude are mental entities. Tweedale conceives of these entities as related to possible worlds much as a dramatic representation is related to the world it depicts. Different plays may depict the same world in radically different ways. There are undoubtedly more approaches than the six I have mentioned and one can certainly elaborate different versions of each in different ways.
12) John is polishing all the boots. is true at an interval t iff there is an interval t' such that ( is a subinterval of (' and t' is an interval of John's polishing all the boots but t is not. I shall return to this point a little later though it is not my purpose to discuss the complexities of the analysis of tense and aspect which are involved in treating temporal indices as intervals, except to say that what has already been done is, in my opinion, impressive enough to provide independent reasons for having intervals as indices, reasons which are not connected with the use to which I am about to put time intervals in the semantics of adverbs.
Adverbial Modification: Interval Semantics and Its Rivals by M.J. Cresswell