By Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy
What precisely are phrases? Are they the issues that get indexed in dictionaries, or are they the fundamental devices of sentence constitution? Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy explores the results of those various methods to phrases in English. He explains a number of the ways that phrases are concerning each other, and indicates how the background of the English language has affected notice constitution. subject matters comprise: phrases, sentences and dictionaries; a be aware and its components (roots and affixes); a note and its varieties (inflection); a observe and its family (derivation); compound phrases; notice constitution; productiveness; and the ancient resources of English notice formation.
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Additional resources for An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure
Divide them into morphemes, noting any instances where you are unsure. What differences are there between the words in each pair? 2. Are there any morphemes here which have two or more allomorphs? 3. Which of these morphemes are free and which are bound? Are the bound morphemes all afﬁxes, or are some of them roots or combining forms? 4. Do any problems arise here for the view that morphemes are ‘the smallest units of language that can be associated with meaning’ or ‘the minimal units of meaning’?
41) The most fertile ﬁelds of all are here. g. tidy, yellow), while longer adjectives usually require the periphrasis. 7 Conclusion and summary Some words (lexemes) have more than one word form, depending on the grammatical context or on choices that grammar forces us to make (for example, in nouns, between singular and plural). This kind of wordformation is called ‘inﬂectional’. In so far as grammar affects all words alike, the existence of inﬂected word forms does not have to be noted in the dictionary; however, the word forms themselves must be listed if they are irregular.
Consider the following examples: (12) A deer was visible through the trees. (13) Two deer were visible through the trees. g. a cat, not *a cats), and because the form of found in (12), agreeing in singular number with the subject a deer, is was, not were. In (13), for parallel reasons, we can tell that deer is plural: the numeral two accompanies only plural nouns (two cats, not *two cat), and the form of in (13) is the plural were. ). But in fact there seems to be a common semantic factor among the zero-plurals: they all denote animals, birds or ﬁsh that are either domesticated () or hunted (), usually for food (, , ).
An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure by Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy