By M. Peski n, D. Schroeder [RUSSIAN]
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2. Significantly enlarged mucosal folds in the terminal ileum with thickening of the wall due to inflammatory infiltration in a nonspecific terminal ileitis Fig. -3. Cobblestone pattern due to submucosal infiltrations in Crohn's disease 38 Fig. -4. Flat, nodular surface changes due to granulomas in Crohn's disease (pseudopolyps) Surface Changes Fig. -5. Irregular, cobblestone pattern in the terminal ileum with fissures due to granulomatous infiltrations in intestinal tuberculosis Fig. -6. Small, uniform, flat elevations in the terminal ileum due to lymphofollicular hyperplasia.
Locally reduced mucosal coating in the terminal ileum due to accompanying inflammatory changes in Crohn's disease (in addition: enterocutaneous fistula). 1 Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is the best-known disease of the small bowel in western industrialized countries. Various double contrast methods have been established for roentgenological diagnosis of Crohn's disease (Ekberg 1977; Herlinger 1979; Nolan and Piris 1980; Kelvin and Gedgaudas 1981; Herlinger 1982). Basically, Crohn's disease has to be regarded as a disease of the entire gastrointestinal tract with a tendency towards segmental distribution (Morson 1964).
1 Normal Findings and Variations The length of a normal small bowel varies between 4-12 m (Hirsch et al. 1956; Underhill 1955). The difference is related to individual variations, racial differences, varied muscle tone and the problem in determining the length intra vitam. In people with an abundance of mesenteric fat, the small bowel loops are separated from each other in the abdomen (Fig. -1). In slim people, the loops are crowded together in the small pelvis (Fig. -2). It is difficult to determine the exact junction between jejunum and ileum.
An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory by M. Peski n, D. Schroeder [RUSSIAN]