By Keith David Watenpaugh
Bread from Stones, a hugely expected booklet from historian Keith David Watenpaugh, breaks new floor in studying the speculation and perform of recent humanitarianism. Genocide and mass violence, human trafficking, and the compelled displacement of thousands within the early 20th century jap Mediterranean shape the historical past for this exploration of humanitarianism’s function within the heritage of human rights.
Watenpaugh’s targeted and provocative exam of humanitarian proposal and motion from a non-Western point of view is going past canonical descriptions of reduction paintings and improvement initiatives. utilising a variety of resource materials—literary and inventive responses to violence, memoirs, and first-person bills from sufferers, perpetrators, aid employees, and diplomats—Watenpaugh argues that the overseas solution to the inhumanity of global struggle I within the heart East laid the root for contemporary humanitarianism and the explicit methods humanitarian teams and overseas firms support sufferers of struggle, deal with trafficked childrens, and reduction refugees.
Bread from Stones is needed examining for these drawn to humanitarianism and its ideological, institutional, and criminal origins, in addition to the evolution of the stream following the cave in of the Ottoman Empire and the appearance of overdue colonialism within the heart East.
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Extra resources for Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism
Most important, he must not lose sight of their humanity and listen where he can to their voices. 49 The ﬁrst year of World War I in the Eastern Mediterranean was accompanied by late fall rains and the multiyear appearance of swarming locust. The environment compounded the effects of requisitioning, conscription, and the end of any semblance of civilian rule. It was a period marked by food shortages, loss of export markets, and the internment of foreign nationals. As I describe in the next chapter, rains that created the conditions for the locusts also caused the Tigris River to rise above its banks, ﬂooding the Ottoman provincial capital of Baghdad.
First, modern humanitarianism often functioned in the absence of the state and its institutions, or in the face of their collapse, as a consequence of either war or natural disaster. Second, when international nongovernmental or intergovernmental bodies mounted efforts to address suffering, they did so outside of the framework of actual governing. This last assertion is certainly contingent and, as I discuss throughout this work, humanitarian action can and often does play a part in establishing the groundwork for a postrevolutionary or postcolonial government; humanitarian programs have the potential to morph into governmentalized welfare and often possess the texture of governmentality, but simply put, humanitarian organizations are not governments.
As a consequence, missionaries became increasingly involved in the education, health care, and social development of the growing community of once “primitive” Christians who were now Armenian Presbyterians or Palestinian Anglicans. 33 The humanitarian contribution of the college, its faculty, and its students, as well as those of similar institutions in inner Anatolia and the Ottoman capital, plays a large role in this book. As described by Makdisi, the college through the second half of the nineteenth century slowly 18 | Chapter 1 deemphasized its mission to convert and instead began to position itself in the region as a conduit through which modernity itself would be instituted.
Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism by Keith David Watenpaugh