By Heather Jones
During this groundbreaking new research, Heather Jones presents the 1st in-depth and comparative exam of violence opposed to First international conflict prisoners. She indicates how the warfare radicalised captivity remedy in Britain, France and Germany, dramatically undermined foreign legislation keeping prisoners of warfare and resulted in new different types of compelled prisoner labour and reprisals, which fuelled wartime propaganda that used to be usually according to exact prisoner testimony.
This publication unearths how, throughout the clash, expanding numbers of captives weren't despatched to domestic entrance camps yet retained in western entrance operating devices to labour without delay for the British, French and German armies within the German case, via 1918, prisoners operating for the German military persevered common malnutrition and incessant beatings. Dr Jones examines the importance of those new, violent developments and their later legacy, arguing that the good warfare marked a key turning-point within the 20th century evolution of the criminal camp.(
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Extra resources for Violence against Prisoners of War in the First World War: Britain, France and Germany, 1914-1920 (Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare, Volume 34)
Hinz, Gefangen im Großen Krieg, p. 156. Giorgio Agamben, Homo Sacer. Sovereign Power and Bare Life (Stanford, 1998), pp. 166–76. Frédéric Yerly, ‘Grande Guerre et diplomatie humanitaire. La mission Catholique Suisse en faveur des prisonniers de guerre (1914–1918)’, Vingtième Siècle, 58 (1998), pp. 13–28. 38 The Vatican was also involved, pressuring states into improving prisoner treatment. As the war continued, neutral inspections also led to the development of a system of prisoner exchanges, whereby badly injured or ill prisoners were repatriated home.
Kriegsgefangene im Europa des Ersten Weltkriegs, p. 62. See also Hinz, Gefangen im Großen Krieg, pp. 79–80. 42 In practice, therefore, the power of transnational structures, such as international law and neutral inspections, to limit violence against prisoners, greatly depended upon the attitudes of national administrative systems, in particular, the bureaucratic institutions established to control enemy prisoners and to provide aid to a country’s own men, held prisoner in enemy territory. Nationally distinctive, these administrative systems dealt differently with the issue of violence against prisoners – and their attitudes also changed as the war went on.
Having given their word of honour that they would not rejoin the ﬁght, they would be exchanged or allowed to live as free civilians within their captor’s country. This view was predicated upon the kind of conﬂict Vassaux described, where local populations were not caught up in war hatreds, allowing the prisoner to live freely in their midst. Although atrocities against prisoners of war were reported during colonial conﬂicts and the Balkan wars, these were interpreted as symptomatic of the less civilised status of certain Turkish, Slav or indigenous colonial peoples.
Violence against Prisoners of War in the First World War: Britain, France and Germany, 1914-1920 (Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare, Volume 34) by Heather Jones